Carbon emissions accounts per individual country make little sense because the goods that we consume and produce come from all areas of the globe. A country may have relatively few heavy industry, for instance. But one is still responsible for the carbondioxide emissions in the far-away country where the steel was produced for the cars and other consumer goods that a country imports. Normally the price of a product reflects the amount of raw meterials and labour that was needed for it production. Therefore our individual consumer budget in money units presents an indication of our relative consumptive pressure upon the Earth and our individual
share in carbon emissions.
Carbon emmissions, |
GDP per capita, GDP per capita and per hour.
Carbon emissions per GDP and per capita.
|| || |
Today, for every one of the more than 6.5 billion (6500 million)
people on Earth
more than seven tons of carbon dioxide are spewed
into the air annually.
As a result of our activities, the atmospheric concentration of this
heat-trapping gas has risen by nearly 30 percent.
The world GDP (Gross Domestic Product) is approximately 44 500 000 millions of US Dollars per year. Carbon emissions are 24 000 million tons or 24 000 000 million kilograms per year. Thus, one US Dollar GDP represents 0,54 kilograms of CO2.
So, if your personal budget is 50 000 US Dollars per year, you are responsible for 27 000 kilograms or 27 tons of CO2 emissions per year.
So what? - How does this relate to individual country emissions accounts?
World carbon emissions are 24.000 million tons per year. Individual countries' emissions are:
GDP of the European Union 13,446,050 millions of US Dollars (30 %) =
GDP of the United States 12,485,725 millions of US Dollars (28 %).
A Carbon Credit is a certificate that certifies the right to emit a certain amount of carbon dioxide. Carbon Credits are issued by a country or by a group of countries, e.g. the EU. The authorities set the amount of Carbon Credits available to an industry sector. A company that emits less CO2 than the amount set by the aurhorites can sell its surplus on a Carbon Credit market. Companies who emit too much CO2 can must buy Carbon Credits. They can also offset their surplus emissions by investing in waht are deemed t0 be relatively carbon-neutral projects in developing countries.
The environmental NGOs have from start been critical of this scheme, as can be seen from the below "Carbon Credit" bill that was distributed at the Kyoto conference of The Hague in 2000.
We don't believe that carbon trading will help the environment in any way. In fact we argue that the Kyoto Protocol itself it a waste of time and effort, which should be spent on direct measure to reduce our impact on the environment, that is reducing the scale and the speed of our economic activities as well as relocalising economic structures. Compare Useless Kyoto.
1 Carbon Credit
"the value of the credit will go up and down
The small print along the edges reads:
according to global market speculation
and is at no time under any circumstances
in any way related to any known concept or estimate
of the ecological cost of industrial and corporate behaviour."
"to complete your carbon portfolio we recommend investment in futures carbon exchange markets. this will allow you to manipulate future energy production and consumption and ensure that no independent democratic body can make decisions which could interfere with your macroeconomic preferences, projected profit path and reliance on exploitation of the environment and people >
Climate change with klinks to carbon trading sites
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